- Chapter One： Invitations to Linguistics 第一单元语言学导论测试
- Chapter Two： Phonetics 第二单元语音学测验
- Chapter Three： Phonology 第三单元音系学测验
- Chapter Four： Morphology 第四单元形态学测验
- Chapter Five： Syntax 第五单元句法学测试
- Chapter Six： Semantics 第六单元语义学单元测试
- Chapter Seven： Pragmatics 第七单元语用学单元测试
- Chapter Ten： Theories and Schools of Modern Linguistics 第十单元现代语言学理论与流派测验
1、 问题:Chomsky made the distinction between ___.
A:competence and performance
B:comparative linguistics and historical linguistics
C:langue and parole
D:microlinguistics and macrolinguistics
答案: 【competence and performance】
2、 问题:As modern linguistics aims to describe and analyze the language people actually use, and not to lay down rules for “correct” linguistic behavior, it is said to be _____.
3、 问题:“I can refer to Confucius even though he died 2000 years ago.” This shows that language has the design feature of ____.
4、 问题:In broad terms, linguists agree to define language as a system of ____vocal symbols used for human communication.
5、 问题:There are some well-known theories about the origin of language, among which______ proposes an extremely specific connection between physical and oral gesture.
A:the oral-gesture theory
B:the bow-wow theory
C:the pooh-pooh theory
D:the yo-he-ho theory
答案: 【the oral-gesture theory】
6、 问题: holds that language originated from people’s imitations of animal cries and other sounds heard in nature.
A:The pooh-pooh theory
B:The bow-wow theory
C:The divine-source theory
D:The yo-he-ho theory
答案: 【The bow-wow theory】
7、 问题:When people use language to express attitudes, feelings and emotions, people are using the ______function of language.
8、 问题:Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A:Language consists of the systems of sounds and grammar.
B:Language is instrumental.
C:Language is a system of symbols.
D:Language is social and conventional.
答案: 【Language consists of the systems of sounds and grammar.】
9、 问题:By is meant the property of having two levels of structures, such that units of the primary level are composed of elements of the secondary level and each of the two levels has its own principles of organization.
答案: 【duality 】
10、 问题:All languages have three major components: a sound system, a system of lexicogrammar and a system of semantics.
11、 问题:Now linguists have known the specific origins of human languages.
12、 问题:“Language operates by rules” is a fundamental view about language.
13、 问题:When people use language to indulge in itself for its own sake, people are using the poetic function of language.
14、 问题:According to Halliday’s theory of metafunctions of language, interpersonal function enacts social relationship.
15、 问题:According to Chomsky, a language user’s underlying knowledge about the system of rules is called his linguistic performance.
16、 问题:The bow-wow theory is based on the fact that modern languages have some words with pronunciations which seem to echo natural souds.
17、 问题:A synchronic description takes a fixed instant (usually, but not necessarily, the present) as its point of observation.
18、 问题: Synchronic linguistics is the study of a language through the course of its history.
1、 问题:The study of the production of speech sounds is closely connected with ______.
答案: 【articulatory phonetics】
2、 问题:The study of the perception of speech sounds is closely connected with .
答案: 【auditory phonetics】
3、 问题:Pair _____ doesn’t form a minimal pair.
A:gap and cap
B:pat and pad
C: tip and dip
D:cat and act
答案: 【cat and act】
4、 问题:The classification and description of English consonants are based on _______.
A:the position of the tongue
B:the shape of vocal tract
C:narrow and broad transcription
D:the place and manner of articulation
答案: 【the place and manner of articulation】
5、 问题:According to the manner of articulation, [m] is a _____.
6、 问题:In terms of the place of articulation, the following sounds [t], [n], [z] share the feature of ______.