本答案对应课程为:点我自动跳转查看
本课程起止时间为:2021-05-11到2021-07-31
本篇答案更新状态:每5天更新一次

chapter1 Fluid and electrolyte imbalances 2. Hypotonic and isotonic dehydration

1、 问题:The most common cause of hypotonic dehydration is
选项:
A:Excessive loss of digestive juices
B:Body fluid loss through the skin
C:Ascites formation
D:Only water to replace the losses of water and sodium
E:Excessive loss of blood
答案: 【Only water to replace the losses of water and sodium

2、 问题:Which of the following are true about hypotonic dehydration?
选项:
A:Thirst in early stage
B: Extracellular fluid loss obviously
C:Peripheral circulatory failure in early stage
D:Oliguria and increased urine specific gravity in early stage
E:Induced by inappropriate solution administration
答案: 【 Extracellular fluid loss obviously;
Peripheral circulatory failure in early stage ;
Induced by inappropriate solution administration

chapter1 Fluid and electrolyte imbalances 1. Dehydration and hyperdehydration

1、 问题:The main difference between interstitial fluid and plasma is
选项:
A:The protein concentration is higher in plasma
B: The Na+ concentration is higher in plasma
C:The protein concentration is higher in interstitial fluid
D:The Na+ concentration is higher in interstitial fluid
答案: 【The protein concentration is higher in plasma

2、 问题:The characteristic of hypovolemic hyponatremia is
选项:
A:Serum Na+ concentration is increased, the volume of extracellular fluid is decreased
B:Serum Na+ concentration is decreased, the volume of extracellular fluid is increased
C:Serum Na+ concentration is decreased, the volume of extracellular fluid is decreased
D:Serum Na+ concentration is decreased, the volume of intracellular fluid is decreased
答案: 【Serum Na+ concentration is decreased, the volume of extracellular fluid is decreased

3、 问题:Which disorder of water and sodium metabolism might result in central nervous system (CNS) symptoms in the early stage?
选项:
A:Hypotonic dehydration
B:Hypertonic dehydration
C:Isotonic dehydration
D:Acute water intoxication
答案: 【Acute water intoxication

4、 问题:Hyperpyrexia (high fever), with profuse sweating might result in which one of the following pathological processes?
选项:
A:Hypovolemic hypernatremia
B:Hypovolemic hyponatremia
C:Hypervolemic hyponatremia
D:Hypervolemic
答案: 【Hypovolemic hypernatremia

5、 问题:A man suffers from pneumonia, accompanied with hyperpyrexia(体温升高), thirst, and urinary concentration. His urinary sodium content is high, and the serum Na+ concentration is more than 150mmol/L. This is probably an example of
选项:
A:edema
B: water intoxication
C:hypertonic dehydration
D:isotonic dehydration
E:hypotonic dehydration
答案: 【hypertonic dehydration

6、 问题:Which one of the following disorders of water and sodium metabolism might result in cerebral hemorrhage?
选项:
A:Hypertonic dehydration
B:Isotonic dehydration
C:Hypotonic dehydration
D:Water intoxication
答案: 【Hypertonic dehydration

7、 问题:Early clinical manifestations of hypertonic dehydration are
选项:
A:Thirst
B:Shock
C:Swelling of cerebral cell
D:Oliguria
E:Increased urinary sodium content
答案: 【Thirst;
Oliguria;
Increased urinary sodium content

chapter1 Fluid and electrolyte imbalances Fluid and electrolyte imbalances

1、 问题:The main difference between interstitial fluid and plasma is
选项:
A:The protein concentration is higher in plasma
B:The Na+ concentration is higher in plasma
C: The protein concentration is higher in interstitial fluid
D:The Na+ concentration is higher in interstitial fluid
E:The organic acid concentration is higher in plasma
答案: 【The protein concentration is higher in plasma

2、 问题:The characteristic of hypovolemic hyponatremia is ( )
选项:
A:Serum Na+ concentration is increased, the volume of extracellular fluid is decreased
B:Serum Na+ concentration is decreased, the volume of extracellular fluid is increased
C: Serum Na+ concentration is decreased, the volume of extracellular fluid is decreased
D: Serum Na+ concentration is decreased, the volume of intracellular fluid is decreased
E: Serum Na+ concentration is increased, the volume of intracellular fluid is decreased
答案: 【 Serum Na+ concentration is decreased, the volume of extracellular fluid is decreased

3、 问题:Which disorder of water and sodium metabolism might result in central nervous system (CNS) symptoms in the early stage?
选项:
A:Hypotonic dehydration
B:Hypertonic dehydration
C:Isotonic dehydration
D:Acute water intoxication
E: Chronic water intoxication
答案: 【Acute water intoxication

4、 问题:Hyperpyrexia (high fever), with profuse sweating might result in which one of the following pathological processes?
选项:
A:Hypovolemic hypernatremia
B:Hypovolemic hyponatremia
C:Hypervolemic hyponatremia
D:Hypervolemic hypernatremia
E:Isovolemic hyponatremia
答案: 【Hypovolemic hypernatremia

5、 问题:A man suffers from pneumonia, accompanied with hyperpyrexia(体温升高), thirst, and urinary concentration. His urinary sodium content is high, and the serum Na+ concentration is more than 150mmol/L. This is probably an example of
选项:
A:edema
B:water intoxication
C:hypertonic dehydration
D:isotonic dehydration
E:hypotonic dehydration
答案: 【hypertonic dehydration

6、 问题:Which one of the following disorders of water and sodium metabolism might result in cerebral hemorrhage?
选项:
A:Hypertonic dehydration
B:Isotonic dehydration
C:Hypotonic dehydration
D:Water intoxication
E:Edema
答案: 【Hypertonic dehydration

7、 问题:The most common cause of hypotonic dehydration is
选项:
A:Excessive loss of digestive juices
B: Body fluid loss through the skin
C:Ascites formation
D:Only water to replace the losses of water and sodium
E:Excessive loss of blood
答案: 【Only water to replace the losses of water and sodium

8、 问题:Which one of the following statements is true about edema?
选项:
A:There is accumulation of excessive water in the body
B: There is accumulation of excessive body fluid in the cell
C:There is accumulation of excessive body fluid in the blood vessel
D:There is accumulation of excessive body fluid in the tissue space
E:There is accumulation of excessive body fluid in the lymphatic vessel
答案: 【There is accumulation of excessive body fluid in the tissue space

9、 问题:The predominant harmful effect in acute water intoxication is
选项:
A:Cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension
B:Pulmonary edema
C:Acute hypertension
D: Hemodilution and anaemia
E:Acute heart failure
答案: 【Cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension

10、 问题:The mechanisms by which diarrhea leads to hypokalemia may involve
选项:
A:Increased insulin secretion
B:Decreased K+ absorption in the small intestine
C:Reduced aldosterone secretion
D: Increased hydrocortisone secretion
E:Increased glucocorticoid secretion
答案: 【Decreased K+ absorption in the small intestine

11、 问题:The excitability of skeletal muscles may be reduced in hypokalemia. The reason is that
选项:
A: Resting potential becomes less negative, and the Na+ channel is inactive.
B:Resting potential becomes more negative,the difference between resting potential and threshold potential increases.
C:Resting potential elevates, the difference between resting potential and threshold potential increases.
D:Resting potential becomes less negative,the difference between resting potential and threshold potential decreases.
E:Resting potential elevates, and the effect of the membrane barrier becomes greater.
答案: 【Resting potential becomes more negative,the difference between resting potential and threshold potential increases.

本课程剩余章节答案为付费内容
支付后可永久查看
如有任何疑问请及时加入Q群售后群530065400反馈
需要期末答案的同学可加入Q群530065400购买