- Overview of general pathology ; Cell injury, cell death and adaptations (1) 课程概述 细胞、组织的适应和损伤（1） Unit
- Cell injury, cell death and adaptations (2) 细胞、组织的适应和损伤（2） Unit quiz （02）单元测验（02）
- Tissue repair组织修复 Unit quiz （03）单元测验（03）
- Hemodynamic disorders and thromboembolism (1) 局部血液循环障碍 （1） Unit quiz （04）单元测验（04）
- Hemodynamic disorders and thromboembolism (2) 局部血液循环障碍 （2） Unit quiz （05）单元测验（05）
Overview of general pathology ; Cell injury, cell death and adaptations (1) 课程概述 细胞、组织的适应和损伤（1） Unit
1、 问题:On a routine visit to the physician, an otherwise healthy 51-year-old man has a blood pressure of 150/95 mmHg. If the patient’s hypertension remains untreated for years, which of the following cellular alterations will most likely be seen in the myocardium?
2、 问题:After the birth of her first child, a 25-year-old woman breast-fed the infant for about 1 year. Which of the following processes that occurred in the breast during pregnancy allowed her to breast-feed the infant?
C:Intracellular accumulation of fat
D:Ductal epithelial metaplasia
答案: 【Lobular hyperplasia】
3、 问题:What kind of cellular adaptation is found in the esophageal epithelium in the following figure?
4、 问题:Which of the following is not likely the cause of cell injury?
C:Hypoxia and ischemia
D:Mutation of oncogenes
答案: 【Mutation of oncogenes】
5、 问题:Cell injury usually results from functional and biochemical abnormalities in one or more cellular components. Which of the following is not involved?
A:Excessive ATP generation
C:Accumulation of misfolded proteins
答案: 【Excessive ATP generation】
6、 问题:The reason muscles are more likely to survive hypoxia than the brain is that
A:With more glucose stores, muscles have a greater glycolytic capacity than brain
B:Muscles are tissue firmer than brain
C:Brain consumes less oxygen than muscles
D:Brain has a greater glycolytic capacity than brain, while muscles have limited glucose stores
答案: 【With more glucose stores, muscles have a greater glycolytic capacity than brain】
7、 问题:Ballooning degeneration is refers to
答案: 【Hydropic degeneration】
8、 问题:What reversible change is shown in the figure?
答案: 【Fatty change】
9、 问题:The mechanisms of intracellular accumulation are associated with the following processes except for
A:Alteration in protein folding
B:Accumulation of triglycerides in parenchymal cells
C:Accumulation of exogenous particles
答案: 【Activated enzyme】
1、 问题:Which of the following sites is not likely to show hyaline degeneration?
A:Cytoplasm of hepatocyte
答案: 【Endothelial cell】
2、 问题:A 72-year-old man died suddenly and unexpectedly from congestive heart failure. At autopsy, the heart weighed 580g and showed marked left ventricular hypertrophy and minimal coronary arterial atherosclerosis. A serum chemistry panel ordered prior to death showed no abnormalities. Which of the following pathologic processes best accounts for the appearance of the aortic valve seen in the figure?
答案: 【Dystrophic calcification】
3、 问题:Which of the following pigments is a not endogenous pigment?
4、 问题:Which of the following description is not true about the cytologic morphology in necrosis?
A:Eosinophilic and glassy cytoplasm
B:Nuclear shrinkage and increased basophilia
C:Increased eosinophilic nucleus
D:Fragmentation of pyknosis nuclear
答案: 【Increased eosinophilic nucleus】
5、 问题:A 69-year-old woman suddenly lost consciousness and, on awakening 1 hour later, she couldn’t speak or move her right arm and leg. Two months later, a head CT scan showed a large cystic area in the left parietal lobe. Which of the following pathologic processes has most likely occurred in the brain?
答案: 【Liquefactive necrosis】
6、 问题:A chest radiograph of an asymptomatic 37-year-old man showed a 3cm nodule in the middle lobe of the right lung. The nodule was excised with a pulmonary wedge resection, and sectioning showed the nodule to be sharply circumscribed with a soft, cheese-like center. Culture of tissue from the nodule grew Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Which of the following pathologic processes has most likely occurred in the nodule?
答案: 【Caseous necrosis】
7、 问题:Which of the following is not likely the result of necrosis?
答案: 【Metastatic calcification】
8、 问题:What is the necrosis in the following figure?
答案: 【Fibrinous necrosis】
9、 问题:Which of the following is not true about apoptosis?
A:Apoptosis can be triggered by both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways
B:Apoptotic body is typically seen
C:Specialized membrane structures fall apart
D:Inflammation is triggered after apoptosis
答案: 【Inflammation is triggered after apoptosis】
1、 问题:According to the cell cycle phases and the proliferative potential, which is not belong to labile cells?
A:Squamous epithelium of the skin