- Part 1： Introduction Chapter 1： Introduction to Language and the Law 单元测验
- Part 2： Origins Chapter 2： Celts, Anglo-Saxons, and Danes单元测验
- Part 2： Origins Chapter 3： The Norman Conquest and the Rise of French 单元测验
- Part 2： Origins Chapter 4： The Resurgence of English单元测验
- Part 3： The Nature of Legal Language Chapter 5： Talking Like a Lawyer单元测验
- Part 3： The Nature of Legal Language Chapter 6： The Quest for Precision单元测验
- Part 3： The Nature of Legal Language Chapter 7： The Legal Lexicon单元测验
- Part 3： The Nature of Legal Language Chapter 8： Interpretation and Meaning单元测验
- Part 5： Reforming the Language of the Law Chapter 15： Communicating with the Jury单元测验
- Part 4： In the Courtroom Chapter 10： Pleadings： Constructing the Legal Narrative单元测验
- Part 5： Reforming the Language of the Law Chapter 14： Plain English单元测验
- Part 4： In the Courtroom Chapter 12： Completing the Story单元测验
- Part 5： Reforming the Language of the Law Chapter 13： What Makes Legal Language Difficult to Unders
- Part 3： The Nature of Legal Language Chapter 9： Variation单元测验
- Part 4： In the Courtroom Chapter 11： Testimony and Truth单元测验
1、 问题: The most widespread system of law in the world is ______.
A: common law
B: civil law
C: religious law
D: both common law and civil law
答案: 【 civil law 】
2、 问题: Equity is a body of rules that developed in England separately from the “common law”, but it only exists in countries which follow the English common law tradition. (T/F)
3、 问题: Forensic linguistics does not cover the area of voice identification. (T/F)
4、 问题: Legal English is not English, since it differs from ordinary language in vocabulary, morphology, syntax, and semantics, as well as other linguistic features. (T/F)
5、 问题: Chinese law is a mixture of _ and __, i.e., a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics.
答案: 【civil law；socialist law】
1、 问题:The Britons seem to have expressed much of their law in legal sayings or maxims, which were in semi-poetic or rhetorical language, often held together by _.
答案: 【 alliteration 】
2、 问题: The Germanic invaders spoke closely related languages that came to form what we call _____ or Old English.
答案: 【 Anglo-Saxon 】
3、 问题: The word ______ eventually began to refer to meetings to engage in pleading exercises and to argue hypothetical cases used in the English Inns of Court to train further barristers.
答案: 【 moot】
4、 问题: The influence extended to legal matters by the Roman church is the _____.
A: Dane law
B: canon law
C: customary law
D: Common Law
答案: 【 canon law 】
5、 问题:Alliteration survived mainly in _ __ (something also called binomial expressions or repetitive word pairs).
答案: 【conjoined phrases】
1、 问题: The main impact of the Norman Conquest on written legal language thus to replace __ with _____.
A: Latin; English
B: French; English
C: English; Latin
答案: 【 English; Latin】
2、 问题: Beginning in the 1280s and continuing through 1535, anonymous writers created reports of oral proceedings in court, which were compiled in the ___.
A: law reports
B: year books
C: Latin tract
D: Legal teaching material
答案: 【 year books 】
3、 问题:The formalized phrases of Law French were regarded as a convenient shorthand for summarizing legal arguments on paper. (T/F)
4、 问题: _ was the language of the aristocracy, while _ remained the language of the masses.
答案: 【French; English】
5、 问题: The Latin used by the legal profession was soon adapted to the needs of the English law. Eventually, it developed into something called _____.
答案: 【Law Latin】
6、 问题: A substantive area of the law with a relatively high level of Latin vocabulary is ____.
7、 问题: People who speak more than one language often switch from one code to another, depending on the topic, context, or participants, which is called _____.
答案: 【code switching】
1、 问题:Much like today’s digests, the _ consisted of alphabetical headings, followed by synopses of cases dealing with that topic.
C: case reports
D: year books
答案: 【 abridgment 】
2、 问题:The lawyers use ___ to make self-interest to keep legal prose unreadable.
A: plain meaning role
B: conspiracy theory
C: the doctrine of precedent
D: plain language role
答案: 【 conspiracy theory】
3、 问题:Early American documents are replete with long ___.
A: conjoined phrases
B: archaic vocabulary
C: exceptions within exceptions
答案: 【 conjoined phrases ;
archaic vocabulary ;
exceptions within exceptions ;
4、 问题:With the development of the ____, which largely prohibited introduction of evidence of oral discussions regarding the content of the document, this evolution was complete.
答案: 【parol evidence rule】
5、 问题:The ____ were compiled by “reporters” in the literal sense of the word: they simply reported speech in the courtroom, including questions of judges and argument of counsel.
答案: 【year books】
1、 问题: How does the lawyers in the United States pronounce the “defendant”?
A: de fendant
B: defend ant
C: defen dant
答案: 【 defend ant 】
2、 问题: Some characteristics of “talking like a lawyer” or writing like one can be best described as matters of _.
答案: 【 style】
3、 问题: A standard provision that is routinely added to a particularly type of document is called __.
D: case reports
答案: 【 boilerplate 】
4、 问题: Legal language often uses the order _____.
答案: 【 V-PP-NP 】
5、 问题: The normal rule with a series of three or more items is to place a comma before the conjunction.
6、 问题: The stylistic choice is merely a matter of habit, because this is how lawyers traditionally speak or write.
7、 问题: The long sentences and complex sentences have many __ and _ phrases.
答案: 【conjoined; embedded】
1、 问题:Passives are less common in _.
C: criminal law
D: common law
答案: 【 contracts ;
2、 问题:The present tense shall include the future, and sometimes the past, and the singular shall include the plural, and vice versa.