第一章 单元测试

1、 问题:

The Chinese dream is a new term put forward by President Xi Jinping in ____.

选项:
A:2011
B:2012
C:2013
D:2014
答案: 【2012

2、 问题:

The key words of the Chinese dream may include_.

选项:
A:Democracy
B:Rejuvenation
C:Individualism
D:Heroism
答案: 【Rejuvenation

3、 问题:

They failed to _ the deep meaning of his words.

选项:
A:pursue
B:chase
C:grasp
D:fulfill
答案: 【grasp

4、 问题:

Escape can be a strong_ for travel.

选项:
A:determination
B:fulfillment
C:motivation
D:ambition
答案: 【motivation

5、 问题:

She never achieved her _ of becoming a famous writer.

选项:
A:ambition
B:fulfillment
C:motivation
D:rejuvenation
答案: 【ambition

6、 问题:

Students should _ their own interests, as well as do their school work.

选项:
A:determine
B:fulfill
C:achieve
D:pursue
答案: 【determine

7、 问题:

She eventually _ her goal of becoming a professor.

选项:
A:achieved
B:chased
C:grasped
D:went after
答案: 【achieved

8、 问题:

The term American dream was first put forward by James Truslow Adams in his book The Epic of American.

选项:
A:对
B:错
答案: 【

9、 问题:

Puritans came to New England for the sake of religious freedom and intended to “purify” or simplify the religious rituals of the Church of England.

选项:
A:对
B:错
答案: 【

10、 问题:

The essence of the Westward movement was the expansion of capitalism.

选项:
A:对
B:错
答案: 【

第二章 单元测试

1、 材料:

 

My Advice to Students: Education Counts

Bill Gates

Hundreds of students send e-mail each year asking for advice about education. They want to know what to study, or whether it’s okay to dropout of college since that’s what I did.

   A smaller number of parents send messages, seeking guidance for their son or daughter. “How can we steer our child toward success?” they ask.

   My basic advice is simple and heartfelt: Get the best education you can. Take advantage of high school and college. Learn how to learn.

   It’s true that I dropped out of college to start Microsoft, but I was at Harvard for three years before dropping out –and I’d love to have the time to go back. As I’ve said before, nobody should drop out of college unless they believe they face the opportunity of a lifetime. And even then they should reconsider.

   Kathy Gridland, a six-grade teacher in Ohio, wrote to say, “Several of my students claim that you never finished high school. Since you are a success, my students perceive that as a reason not to care much about getting a good education.”

  I finished high school!

  The computer industry has lots of people who didn’t finish college, but I’m not aware of any success stories that began with somebody dropping out of high school. I actually don’t know any high school dropouts, let alone any successful ones.

   In my company’s early years we had a bright part-time programmer who threatened to dropout of high school to work full-time. We told him no.

   Quite a few of our people didn’t finish college, but we discourage dropping out. Having a diploma certainly helps somebody who is looking to us for a job. 

   College isn’t the only place where information exists. You can learn in a library. But somebody handing you a book doesn’t automatically foster learning. You want to learn with other people, asking questions, try out ideas and have a way to test your ability. It usually takes more than just a book.

   Education should be broad, although it’s fine to have a deep interests, too.

   In high school there were periods when I was highly focused on writing software, but for most of my high school years I has wide-ranging academic interests. My parents encouraged this, and I’m grateful that they did.

   Although I attended a lot of different kinds of classes in college, I sighed up for only one computer class the whole time. I read about all kinds of things.

   One parent wrote me that her 15-year-old son “lost himself in the hole of computer.” He got an A in website design, but other grades were sinking, she said.

   This boy is making a mistake. High school and college offer you the best chance to learn broadly –math, history, various sciences – and to do projects with other kids that teach you first-hand about group dynamics. It’s fine to take a deep interest in computers, dance, language or any other discipline, but not if it jeopardizes(危及,影响) breadth.

 If you fall into an obsessive pattern in high school, you’ve got two problems. One is that you’re unlikely to change when you go to college. The other is that if you don’t get reasonably good grades, it’s hard to go to a college that has the highly motivated, capable students who can really help you learn about the world.

  In college it’s appropriate to think about specialization. Getting real expertise in an area of interest can lead to success – unless the specialty ends up being a dead end or you’re not good at. Graduate school is one way to get specialized knowledge, although extended college education isn’t always a good investment from a purely economic standpoint.

1、 问题:

By education counts, Gates means that education is important to everyone.

选项:
A:T
B:F
答案: 【T

1、 问题:

From the passage we know that Gates dropped out of college because he didn’t do well.

选项:
A:T
B:F
答案: 【F

1、 问题:

Gates tell us that it is easier to get a job with a college diploma than without one.

选项:
A:T
B:F
答案: 【T

1、 问题:

According to Gates, one learns better by self-study.

选项:
A:T
B:F
答案: 【F

1、 问题:

It can be inferred from the passage that it’s fine to become deeply interested in one specific area.

选项:
A:T
B:F
答案: 【F

2、 材料:

In the 1960s, medical researchers Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe developed a checklist of stressful events. They appreciated the tricky point that any major change can be stressful. Bad events like “serious illness of a family member” were high on the list, but so were some helpful life changing events like marriage.

When you take the Holmes Rahe you must remember that the score does not show how you deal with stress — it only shows how much you have to deal with. And we now know that the way you deal with these events dramatically affects your chances of staying healthy. By the early 1970s, hundreds of similar studies had followed Holmes and Rahe. And millions of Americans who work and live under stress worried over the reports. Somehow the research got boiled down to a memorable message. Women’s magazines ran headlines like “Stress causes illness.” If you want to stay physically and mentally healthy, the articles said, avoid stressful events. 

But such simplistic advice is impossible to follow. Even if stressful events are dangerous, many-like the death of loved one-are impossible to avoid.Moreover, any warning to avoid all stressful events is a prescription for staying away from chances as well as trouble. Since any change can be stressful, a person who wanted to be completely free of stress would never marry, have a child, take a new job or move. 

The idea that all stress makes you sick also takes no notice of a lot of what we know about people. It supposes we're all vulnerable(脆弱的) and not active in the face of the difficult situation. But what about human ability and creativity? Many come through periods of stress with more physical and mental strength than they had before. We also know that a long time without change or challenge can lead to boredom and physical and mental strain.

2、 问题:

The result of Holmes-Rahe's medical research tells us __

选项:
A:the way you handle major events may cause stress
B:what should be done to avoid stress
C:what kind of event would cause stress
D:how to cope with sudden changes in life
答案: 【what kind of event would cause stress

2、 问题:

The studies on stress in the early 1970s led to ____

选项:
A:widespread concern over its harmful effects
B:great panic over the mental disorder it could cause
C:an intensive research into stress-related illness
D:popular avoidance of stressful jobs
答案: 【widespread concern over its harmful effects

2、 问题:

The score of the Holmes-Rahe test shows _____

选项:
A:how much pressure you are under
B:how positive events can change your life
C:how stressful a major event can be
D:how you can deal with life-changing events
答案: 【how much pressure you are under

2、 问题:

Why is “such simplistic advice ”(Line 1, Para. 3) impossible to follow?

选项:
A:No one can stay on the same job for long
B:No prescription is effective in relieving stress
C:People have to get married someday
D:You should be missing opportunities as well
答案: 【You should be missing opportunities as well

2、 问题:

According to the passage people who have experienced ups and downs may become___

选项:
A:nervous when faced with difficulties
B:physically and mentally strained
C:more capable of coping with adversity
D:indifferent toward what happens to them
答案: 【more capable of coping with adversity

第三章 单元测试

1、 问题:

Which country suffered the largest death during World War II?

选项:
A:Japan
B:Germany
C:Soviet Union
D:China
答案: 【Soviet Union

   

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